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(Sossi Madzounian / Smithsonian)


What is the weather like in Armenia?

Armenia has a dry, high-altitude climate, though the regions Lori, Tavush, and Syunik are rainy and receive the most rain in early spring. In general, the rule is the lower you are in elevation, the warmer and more predictable the weather.

Across the country, spring is mild, and the countryside is covered in wildflowers. Autumn has long, mostly warm days and stable weather conditions. Many of the trees turn yellow and orange during the fall season. Summer in Yerevan can be very hot with little or no breeze for days at a time; weather in the northern regions and in the mountains is cooler. In the winter months, the temperature drops to -10°C (14°F) and some days can reach as low as -30°C (-22°F) in the mountains. Mountain highways and high passes are sometimes impassable during the winter months because of snow and ice.

How do you get to Armenia?

There are two international airports in Armenia, one in Yerevan, the capital, and one in the city of Gyumri. The majority of long-haul flights from Europe and North America will only arrive at Yerevan’s Zvartnot’s International Airport.

Flight times from major international hubs are:

Armenia has four neighbouring countries: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey. The borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey are not open, therefore it is only possible to drive to Armenia via Georgia or Iran. There are three border crossings between Armenia and Georgia and one border-crossing point with Iran. Note that these border crossings may not be open 24 hours a day, so travelers are advised to check ahead if planning to cross the border late at night or early in the morning.

What is the currency in Armenia?

Armenian dram (AMD) is the official currency of Armenia. All cash transactions should be done by AMD and visitors should not expect for dollars, Euros, or other currencies to be widely accepted. ATMs are widely available in Yerevan and major cities, but not necessarily available in small towns or villages.

What language is spoken in Armenia?

Armenian is the official and most widely spoken language in the country. Russian is also widely spoken and is commonly taught in schools. English is becoming a more popular second language, in particular among young people. It is not uncommon for shop keepers or waiters in cities to speak English, but it is less common in rural areas.

What should you bring to Armenia?

If you are planning to visit Armenia in summer, make sure you have your sun cream. With an average altitude of over 1,800 meters, the sun can be more unforgiving than at lower elevations.

If you are visiting Armenia in spring or fall, plan for the temperature to drop at night and bring a slightly warmer jacket than you would expect to need. If you visit the country in winter, make sure you have your warm winter jacket, winter boots, a warm hat and a pair of warm gloves.

If you plan to hike in Armenia (which will be required for visiting some remote sights) make sure you have hiking-appropriate shoes. It is also worth having a local sim card with internet for navigation purposes.

If you have prescribed medicine, make sure you bring it with you as some prescriptions may not be widely available.

If visiting from outside Europe, you will want a converter for your electrical devices. The standard voltage in Armenia is 220 volts, with the typical European two-prong outlet.

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